TS-08, Troubleshooting - Suspension and Steering

Introduction

This troubleshooting guide is intented to help identify and repair suspension and steering problems. The following is a list of problem symptoms discussed in this guide:

Vibration or Shake during Driving

Possible Causes
Checks
Procedure
Wheel alignment Have alignment checked by wheel/alignment shop. N/A
Tire or Wheel out of balance. Have balance checked by wheel/alignment shop. N/A
Worn ball joints or tie rods. Check ball joints and tie rods for excessive play. N/A
Loose or worn wheel bearings. Check and adjust wheel bearings as necessary. SUSP-08

Knock or thump from rear end.

Possible Causes
Checks
Procedure
CV Joint Remove axle, inspect CV joint, and repack with fresh grease. SUSP-01
Transaxle If the CV Joints are not the problem, it may be a transaxle bearing. Have a transmission shop listen to the noise to determine if the tranaxle needs to be rebuilt. N/A

Vehicle pulls to one side.

Possible Causes
Checks
Procedure
Wheel alignment Have alignment checked by wheel/alignment shop. N/A
Uneven tire pressures. Check pressures and adjust if necessary. N/A
Front brake dragging. Raise each side of the vehicle and spin the front wheels to see if brakes are dragging. N/A
Worn strut or shock absorber. Check ride heights from side to side for equal ride height (i.e. measure from the ground to the highest point on the wheel well. N/A

Abnormal Tire Wear

Possible Causes
Checks
Procedure
Wear on both edges.heel alignment Have alignment checked by wheel/alignment shop. N/A
Tire or Wheel out of balance. Have balance checked by wheel/alignment shop. N/A
Worn ball joints or tie rods. Check ball joints and tie rods for excessive play. N/A
Loose or worn wheel bearings. Check and adjust wheel bearings as necessary. SUSP-08

Clark's Garage 1998